Arguments

Tags: KC CC

Arguments, right or wrong

Obviously there exist a great number of different types of arguments. The list suggested here is inspired from various readings and personal experiences and isn't meant to be exhaustive. These arguments are mostly of 'logical' type. Many of them can be used either in valid ways or invalid ways (in other words, fallacies) depending on the situation:

When studied closely it can be noted that some of these argumentation patterns are similar to others developed in other disciplines (for example the social proof argument is also part of society rules techniques).

The list below attempts to give explicit enough titles in order to avoid other explanations. These techniques are often named in Latin terms in specialised literature. This is avoided here for pragmatic reasons.

  • Assume tradition is right
  • Attack person instead of idea
  • Correct unless proven otherwise
  • Bad argument means bad thing is false
  • Call to pity
  • Repeat until accepted
  • Members proof
  • Social proof
  • Authority
  • Circular argumentation
  • Assertion in question
  • Assume cause/effect from simultaneity
  • Generalisation
  • Nature is good
  • Facts to value level jumps
  • Missing premises to conclusion link
  • Circular argumentation
  • Assume cause/effect from precedence
  • Distraction
  • Slippery slope
  • Refute extremised argument
  • An error each

All this techniques are frequently applied by experienced talkers. Just pay attention to politic debates and you'll soon recognise many. When used properly they are amazingly efficient. Before entering a debate it is worth reviewing the subject and proponents and test how the above list can provide argumentation. This can also help prepare counter argumentation as the list will help you identify the potential arguments your opponents might decide to use.