Meta Model

Tags: KC CT

Exploring experience

The Meta Model is a set of language patterns which is designed to challenge surface structures in order to explore deep structures and reference structures. More precisely, it allows retrieving information which has been filtered by the experience modelling universals.

Resources for change

It is very useful tool in psychotherapy as NLP presupposes that people have the resources necessary to achieve the desired change, so the therapist is basically there to help the patient to retrieve them, and the Meta Model is used for this.

Elicit precision

Precision elicitation is the art of retrieving precise information from someone. This can be done for example to know exactly what someone wants in a client/supplier relationship. An interesting application of the NLP Meta Model is precision elicitation for knowledge management. Using the Meta Model in this work helps get the most detailed and complete transcription and formalisation of the underlying human experience.

The Meta Model language patterns

The language patterns divide into three groups as follows:


  • Simple deletion
  • Comparative deletion
  • Unspecified verb/noun


  • Nominilisation
  • Cause/effect
  • Lost performative
  • Mind reading


  • Universal quantifiers
  • Possibility/Necessity operators
  • Presuppositions

It can be noted that these language patterns are in fact the inverse of the Milton Model patterns. More precisely, these three sets (deletion, generalisation and distortion) are used in both models but for opposite purposes. In the Milton Model, they are used by the speaker to dismiss specifics (and leave the listener complete with his experience). In the Meta Model they are used to retrieve specifics (avoiding any interpretation).